The CJI said tax judiciary plays a very important role in resource mobilisation of the country and expressed concern over pendency of cases.
Eating natural yogurt daily may lessen breast cancer risk owing to lactose fermenting bacteria which reduces inflammation triggered by harmful bacteria, say researchers.
Yogurt contains beneficial lactose-fermenting bacteria commonly found in milk, similar to the bacteria — or microflora 00 found in the breasts of mothers who have breastfed.
Scientists from Lancaster University said their idea — as yet unproven — is supported by the available evidence, which is that bacterial-induced inflammation is linked to cancer.
“There is a simple, inexpensive potential preventive remedy; which is for women to consume natural yogurt on a daily basis,” the authors wrote in a paper that appeared in the journal Medical Hypotheses.
“We now know that breast milk is not sterile and that lactation alters the microflora of the breast,” said Dr. Rachael Rigby from Lancaster University’s Faculty of Health and Medicine.
“Lactose fermenting bacteria are commonly found in milk and are likely to occupy the breast ducts of women during lactation and for an unknown period after lactation,” Rigby added.
The researchers suggest that lactose-fermenting bacteria in the breast is protective because each year of breastfeeding reduces the risk of breast cancer by 4.3 per cent.
Several studies have shown that the consumption of yogurt is associated with a reduction in the risk of breast cancer, which the researchers suggest may be due to the displacement of harmful bacteria by beneficial bacteria.
There are approximately 10 billion bacterial cells in the human body and while most are harmless, some bacteria create toxins that trigger inflammation in the body.
Chronic inflammation destroys the harmful germs but it also damages the body.
One of the most common inflammatory conditions is gum disease or periodontitis which has already been linked to oral, oesophageal, colonic, pancreatic, prostatic and breast cancer.
“The stem cells which divide to replenish the lining of the breast ducts are influenced by the microflora, and certain components of the microflora have been shown in other organs, such as the colon and stomach, to increase the risk of cancer development,” said the researchers.
“Therefore a similar scenario is likely to be occurring in the breast, whereby resident microflora impact on stem cell division and influence cancer risk,” they added.
As a disproportionately high number of premature deaths in India are caused by preventable diet-related disease, researchers from several institutes including those from the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) Delhi are collaborating to develop a measurement tool to capture dietary data at a national level.
India is one of a growing number of developing countries to experience the double burden of malnutrition, where high levels of undernutrition coexist alongside over-nutrition, obesity and Type-2 diabetes.
More than 60 per cent of premature deaths can be attributed to preventable cardiovascular disease, obesity and type 2 diabetes, highlighting the pressing need for further research in this area.
The researchers are developing the tool to capture data at a national level to enable healthcare professionals and policymakers to make informed decisions to tackle the epidemic.
“Interpretation of nutrition research is as complex as the cooking in India where the dialect and the diet change every 100 miles. Understanding the impact of diet on cognitive aging can be interesting,” AB Dey, Professor and Head Department of Geriatric Medicine AIIMS Delhi said in a statement.
Among some of the issues being addressed by the collaboration between AIIMS, the University of Southern California and Queen’s University Belfast are whether spices are protective in the genesis of dementia and the possible impact of a protein-deficient diet on the aging of the brain.
Besides, is it possible, for instance, to develop a tool that can capture the dietary pattern across the country?
“Through working with leading researchers, dieticians and medical clinicians in India, we have developed a suitable measure of habitual diet that takes into account diverse eating patterns and socioeconomic gradients in the population who have high susceptibility to both nutrient deficiency and non-communicable disease,” said Claire McEvoy, Lecturer at Queen’s University Belfast, School of Medicine, Dentistry and Biomedical Sciences.
“As the population is set to increase, the double burden of malnutrition will become a bigger challenge. It is vital that we begin to collate this data now at a national level so that we have the knowledge to inform healthcare policies and healthcare planning around this epidemic,” she said.
The initial feedback from the research team, which piloted the measure with adults aged 45 years and older, has been quite positive.
“The next stage of our research will be to test the feasibility of the diet measure on a wider scale,” McEvoy added.
Indian Navy AA/SSR Recruitment 2020: The Indian Navy has released admit cards for recruitments to the posts of Senior Secondary Recruit (SSR) and Artificer Apprentice (AA) for the August 2020 batch. Candidates can download their admit cards from joinindiannavy.gov.in, which is the official website of the Indian Navy.
Admit cards will be available for download on the website till February 4. The examination, meanwhile, is expected to be conducted in the month of February.
Candidates who are selected for SSR posts will undergo 22 weeks of basic training at INS Chilka followed by professional training in the allotted trade in various Naval Training Establishments. Those selected as AAs, meanwhile, will undergo nine weeks of basic training after selection. The job profile of an AA is to work on steam-powered machinery, diesel and gas turbines, guided missiles and other automatically-controlled weapons, sensors, avionic equipment, computers and highly-advanced radio and electrical power systems.
On a related note, the Navy will release admit cards for INET Officer Exam and Matric Recruit Selection, on January 28. These admit cards, once released, will be available for download till February 7.
Those who qualify the INET Exam will then be called up for the Service Selection Board (SSB) interview which will tentatively be held in April next year. SSB recommended candidates will undergo a medical examination.
Daily low-dose aspirin, from as early as the sixth week of pregnancy through the 36th week, may lower the risk of preterm birth among first-time mothers, suggest the results of a clinical trial which involved women from several low and middle-income countries, including India.
The study, published in the journal The Lancet, involved more than 11,000 women.
The results showed that women taking daily low-dose aspirin were 11 per cent less likely to deliver before the 37th week of pregnancy, compared to those given a placebo.
“Our results suggest that low-dose aspirin therapy in early pregnancy could provide an inexpensive way to lower the preterm birth rate in first-time mothers,” said study author Marion Koso-Thomas of the US National Institutes of Health’s Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD).
Preterm birth is the most common cause of infant death and the leading cause of long-term neurological disability in children.
According to the study authors, advances in newborn care have improved survival for preterm infants, but this care is limited or unavailable in many parts of the world.
Earlier studies have suggested that low-dose aspirin may reduce the risk of preterm birth and pre-eclampsia, a potentially life-threatening blood pressure disorder of pregnancy.
However, these studies were not large enough to statistically determine the therapy’s effectiveness in reducing preterm birth.
The researchers enrolled 11,976 women with a first-time pregnancy from seven sites in India, Pakistan, Zambia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guatemala and Kenya.
Roughly half were assigned at random to receive 81 milligrams of aspirin daily; the other group received a daily placebo. Women were included in the study only if they maintained a pregnancy for more than 20 weeks.
Preterm birth (before 37 weeks) occurred in 11.6 per cent of the women who took aspirin and in 13.1 per cent of the women who took the placebo.
Similarly, birth before 34 weeks (early preterm delivery) occurred in 3.3 per cent of the aspirin group and 4 per cent of the placebo group (a 25 per cent reduction).
Women in the aspirin group also had a lower rate of perinatal mortality (stillbirth or newborn death in the first seven days of life), compared to the placebo group (45.7 per 1,000 births vs 53.6 per 1,000 births).
The risk of high blood pressure disorders of pregnancy at term did not differ significantly between the groups.
The low cost and safety of low-dose aspirin therapy suggests that it could be easily adapted for wide-scale use, suggested the study authors.
‘With the largest number of malnourished people on the planet, India is poised to be a nation that significantly under-performs as an economy.’
In the largest genetic sequencing study of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to date, researchers have identified 102 genes associated with risk for autism.
The discovery shows significant progress towards teasing apart the genes associated with autism from those associated with intellectual disability and developmental delay, conditions which often overlap.
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), one in 160 children has an autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
ASDs begin in childhood and tend to persist into adolescence and adulthood. In most cases, the conditions are apparent during the first five years of life.
“This is a landmark study, both for its size and for the large international collaborative effort it required. With these identified genes we can begin to understand what brain changes underlie ASD and begin to consider novel treatment approaches,” said Joseph D Buxbaum, Director of the Seaver Autism Center for Research and Treatment at Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai.
For the study published in the journal Cell, an international team of researchers from more than 50 sites collected and analyzed more than 35,000 participant samples, including nearly 12,000 with ASD, the largest autism sequencing cohort to date.
Using an enhanced analytic framework to integrate both rare, inherited genetic mutations and those occurring spontaneously when the egg or sperm are formed, researchers identified the 102 genes associated with ASD risk.
Of those genes, 49 were also associated with other developmental delays.
The larger sample size of this study enabled the research team to increase the number of genes associated with ASD from 65 in 2015 to 102 today.
In addition to identifying subsets of the 102 ASD-associated genes, the researchers showed that ASD genes impact brain development or function and that both types of disruptions can result in autism.
“Through our genetic analyses, we discovered that it’s not just one major class of cells implicated in autism, but rather that many disruptions in brain development and in neuronal function can lead to autism,” said Buxbaum.
It’s critically important that families of children with and without autism participate in genetic studies because genetic discoveries are the primary means of understanding the molecular, cellular, and systems-level underpinnings of autism.
“We now have specific, powerful tools that help us understand those underpinnings, and new drugs will be developed based on our newfound understanding of the molecular bases of autism,” the researchers noted.
The 89-year old said the strongest powers — the US, China and Russia — have “remained in the hands of would-be or actual dictators and the ranks of authoritarian rulers continued to grow”.
Sexual Health को लेकर ज्यादातर लोग बात नहीं करते. नतीजतन सेक्स (Sex) को लेकर उनके दिमाग में जो भी धारणाएं होती हैं, वे उसे ही सच मान लेते हैं.
अमूमन ये धारणाएं टीनऐज में बननी शुरू होती हैं जब सेक्स को लेकर युवाओं में सबसे ज्यादा दिलचस्पी होती है.
इसके उलट हमारे समाज में सेक्स को लेकर खुलकर बात नहीं होती. सेक्स एजुकेशन के नाम पर भी बच्चों को ज्यादा कुछ नहीं बताया जाता, इसलिए जो वो खुद समझ लेते हैं वही उनका सच हो जाता है. ऐसे में कई Myth, सच की तरह लगने लगते हैं. चूंकि इन पर खुलकर बात नहीं होती इसलिए पता ही नहीं चलता कि सच क्या है.
आज हम आपको ऐसे ही Myths के बारे में बता रहे हैं, जिसे लोग सच मान लेते हैं.
पीरियड में प्रेग्नेंसी नहीं होती
ज्यादातर लोग यही समझते हैं कि माहवारी के दौरान सेक्स करना सेफ होता है. इस समय में प्रेग्नेंसी कंसीव नहीं होती. पर ये सच नहीं है. डॉक्टर्स कहते हैं कि इस समय में कोई भी महिला, प्रेग्नेंट हो सकती है.
विदड्रॉल मैथेड से प्रेग्नेंसी नहीं होती
बिना कॉन्डम के अनसेफ सेक्स करने के लिए अगर आप विदड्रॉल मैथेड को अपना रहे हैं तो ये जान लें कि ये पूरी तरह से सेफ नहीं है. इस मैथेड में पतन के पहले बाहर निकाल लेना एक रिस्की तरीका है.
पहली बार सेक्स करने पर ब्लीडिंग होती है
हमारे देश में ऐसा मानने वालों की कमी नहीं है कि सेक्स करने पर ब्लीडिंग होना लड़की के वर्जिन होने की निशानी है. कई महिलाओं में तो यह झिल्ली जन्म से ही नहीं होती. कइयों के केस में कठोर व्यायाम, खेल-कूद के कारण ये झिल्ली फट जाती है.
सेक्स से हार्ट अटैक हो सकता है
सेक्स का हार्ट अटैक से दूर-दूर तक कोई नाता नहीं है. अगर कभी इस तरह की कोई खबर आती है तो वो व्यक्ति की हेल्थ से संबंधित मामला हो सकता है. विज्ञान इसे मिथक मानता है.
सेक्स के पहले पेशाब करना चाहिए
कई लोग ये मानते हैं कि सेक्स के पहले पेशाब करने से एसटीआई यानी सेक्सुअली ट्रांस्मिटेड इन्फेक्शंस की संभावना कम हो जाती है. पर इसका कोई वैज्ञानिक प्रमाण नहीं है. इसके उलट, विज्ञान कहता है कि सेक्स के बाद पेशाब जरूर करना चाहिए. सेक्स के बाद पेशाब करने से बैक्टीरिया बाहर निकल जाते हैं, जिससे यूटीआई की संभावना कम होती है.
Gross enrolments of new subscribers with ESIC were 1.49 crore during the entire financial year 2018-19, the National Statistical Office (NSO) said in a report.