Electronic cigarettes: Healthier alternative to regular tobacco cigarettes?



Electronic cigarettes, popularly touted as healthier alternatives to regular cigarettes, has now been associated with a higher risk of coronary artery disease, anxiety, circulatory problems, depression and stroke. Electronic cigarettes heat liquids typically containing nicotine and some flavours to release steam or vapours which are then inhaled by the smoker. Many think that e-cigarettes can cut down the risk of health problems posed by regular cigarettes. However, a study by the University of Kansas in the US has debunked this belief. The study has found that smoking e-cigarettes, also called as vaping can increase your chances of suffering from heart attacks by 56 per cent, from strokes by 30 per cent, from coronary artery disease by 10 per cent and from circulatory problems by 44 per cent. Many e-cigarettes contain nicotine. E-cigarettes are known to release toxic compounds very similar to tobacco smoking. The study also noted that the health risks of diseases for those who smoke regular tobacco cigarettes are much higher as compared to those who use e-cigarettes. But, by no means does that mean that e-cigarettes are a safer option, according to some studies.

Recently, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) proposed to curb sales of all flavoured electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) products such as electronic cigarettes, except tobacco, mint and menthol-flavoured products to teenagers. This reason was to ‘prevent youth access to, and appeal of, flavoured e-cigarettes and cigars,’ according to FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, said in a statement. One of the main problems with e-cigarettes is that they can be highly addictive because of the flavours. A research found that flavours, especially fruit-based ones don’t just attract but also retain smokers into the vaping category.

Here are some health risks associated with e-cigarettes:

  • A previous study by the University of Nevada, Reno claimed that e-cigarettes release a large quantity of cancer-causing aldehydes which are absorbed into the lungs. in fact, non-cigarette tobacco users including those using electronic cigarettes are exposed to high levels of carcinogen, almost as much as a regular cigarette smoker exposed to. In fact, e-cigarette smokers were found to have greater exposure to Tobacco-Specific Nitrosamines (TSNA), another factor responsible for cancer.
  • E-cigarettes can also prevent faster skin wound healing. Regular tobacco cigarettes, too,  are known to delay healing of skin wounds and infections.
  • A Greek study in 2018 claimed that e-cigarette flavours damage the lungs by causing inflammation which is similar to or worse than regular cigarettes.

 



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Sudden Unexpected Infant Death and Other Health Risks of Smoking During Pregnancy



It has been proven time and again that smoking kills. When it comes to smoking and pregnancy, the risks are dangerous to the mother and the baby too. A new study published in Pediatrics says that smoking just one cigarette can double the risk of sudden unexpected infant death. This refers to a condition when an infant (below the age of one) dies unexpectedly from causes that are not obvious and that need to be investigated. In the study, it was observed that sudden unexpected infant death occurs more in women who smoked an average of 1-20 cigarettes a day. Even women who smoked three months before pregnancy but had given up smoking by the first trimester had a high risk of sudden unexpected infant death. Giving up smoking by the third trimester was observed to reduce the risk by 23 per cent. Apart from sudden unexpected infant death, there are many other dangerous health consequences of smoking during and before pregnancy. Here are some of them:

Heart defects:  Mothers who smoke during their pregnancy are likely to have a 50 to 70 per cent higher risk of having newborns with heart defects. These newborns are at a 20 per cent greater risk of having atrial septal defect or holes in the wall between the two upper chambers of the heart.

Liver damage: Smoking can adversely affect foetal organs, especially the liver, notes a study by the University of Edinburgh. Interestingly, it was observed that female fetuses get more damaged than male fetuses as a result of smoking.

Early puberty: A study by the Aarhus University said that pregnant women who had smoked more than ten cigarettes a day during pregnancy were likely to have kids who developed puberty three to six months earlier than the children of non-smokers. According to the research, early puberty could spell major trouble for the kid in the future as it has been associated with an increase in the risk of obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer.

Asthma and lung infections: When the foetus is exposed to tobacco smoke, its lungs can get affected. The child could also develop respiratory disorders like asthma in the future. Even second-hand smoke is dangerous for the unborn baby.

Hearing loss: Women who smoke during pregnancy or those who are exposed to second-hand smoke at around 4 months of pregnancy have twice the risk of having children with hearing defects.

Cleft lip: There’s a strong association between cleft lip and prenatal exposure to tobacco smoke. Studies have found that smoking mothers are more likely to have offsprings with cleft lip or cleft palate.

Obesity: Smoking during pregnancy can cause the offspring later in life. Smoking is known to accelerate fat cell development that could lead to obesity. Obesity could then further lead to a number of health complications including diabetes, hypertension, cancer and cardiovascular diseases.

 

 



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Alert: गंदे कामों के चलते कम होती है आपकी शारीरिक क्षमता, जानें कैसे…



भागदौड़ वाली दिनचर्या, अव्यवस्थित जीवनशैली, काम का बोझ और मानसिक तनाव के बीच बुरी लतें मौजूदा दौर में लोगों की परेशानी और बढ़ा रही हैं, क्योंकि उनकी शारीरिक ऊर्जा दिन-ब-दिन क्षीण होती चली जाती है. विशेषज्ञ इसे गंभीर चिंता का विषय बताते हैं.

क्लिनिकल न्यूट्रीशियन, डाइटिशियन और हील योर बॉडी के संस्थापक रजत त्रेहन ने कहा कि लोगों को यह सोचने की जरूरत है कि शारीरिक ऊर्जा को कम करने वाली कौन सी बुरी आदतें हैं जिन्हें त्यागकर वह स्वस्थ जीवनशैली अपना सकते हैं.

ग्लोबल एडल्ट टोबैको सर्वे की ताजा रिपोर्ट के मुताबिक, भारत की कुल 130 करोड़ आबादी में से 28.6 फीसदी लोग तंबाकू का सेवन करते हैं. रिपोर्ट में चौंकाने वाला तथ्य सामने आया है कि करीब 18.4 फीसदी युवा न सिर्फ तंबाकू, बल्कि सिगरेट, बीड़ी, खैनी, बीटल, अफीम, गांजा जैसे अन्य खतरनाक मादक पदार्थो का सेवन करते हैं.

बीते साल आई डब्लयू.एच.ओ की ग्लोबल स्टेटस रिपोर्ट में भी कुछ ऐसे ही चिंताजनक आंकड़े सामने आए थे. 2017 में आई इस रिपोर्ट के मुताबिक, भारत में बीते 11 सालों में प्रति व्यक्ति शराब की खपत दोगुनी हुई है. जहां 11 साल पहले एक व्यक्ति 3 लीटर शराब पीता था वहीं बीते 11 वर्षो में बढ़कर इसकी खपत बढ़कर 6 लीटर हो गई है.

भारतीय युवाओं में तंबाकू और शराब के बाद ड्रग्स की लत
रिपोर्ट के अनुसार, इस दशक में भारतीय युवाओं में तंबाकू और शराब के अलावा एक और नशीले पदार्थ की लत तेजी से बढ़ी है. वह नशीला पदार्थ है ड्रग्स. ड्रग्स और अन्य मादक पदार्थो के सेवन से शारीरिक कार्यक्षमता बनाए रखने में ऊर्जा का अत्यधिक उपयोग होता है, जिसके चलते ये नशीले पदार्थ यकृत और फेफड़ों में विषाक्त पदार्थ के रूप मं जमा होने लगते हैं.

तेजी से बदलीं खान-पान की आदतें
खान-पान की आदतें भी बीते कुछ वर्षो में काफी तेजी से बदली है. सपरफूड से लेकर जंक फूड न केवल शहरों बल्कि ग्रामीण इलाकों में भी अब पांव पसारने लगे हैं. साल 2018 में आई क्लिंट की एक रिपोर्ट के मुताबिक, 35 फीसदी भारतीय सप्ताह से भी कम समय में एक बार फास्ट फूड खाते हैं.



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डॉक्टर्स के बताए इन 5 स्टेप्स को करें फॉलो, चंद दिनों में छूट जाएगी सिगरेट की लत…


नई दिल्ली: सिगरेट पीने से कैंसर की चेतावनी तो आपने पढ़ी होगी, पर क्या आप जानते हैं कि सिगरेट कैंसर से पहले भी आपको कई तरह की परेशानियों में डाल सकती है. एक नए शोध में यही बात सामने आई है.

इस शोध में बताया गया है कि सिगरेट पीने वालों को हड्डी का इलाज कराना पड़े तो उन्हें काफी मुश्किल आती है. उनकी हड्डी ठीक होने में लंबा समय लग सकता है.

सिगरेट पीने वाला बुजुर्ग या महिला हो तो ये समस्या कई गुना बढ़ जाती है. आंकड़े बताते हैं कि तंबाकू का लंबे समय तक उपयोग करने के कारण हर सप्ताह 13,000 से अधिक भारतीय पुरुष और 4,000 महिलाओं की मौत हो जाती है.

इस पर अधिक जानकारी देते हुए डॉ. के.के. अग्रवाल ने कहा, ‘इसके लिए जो पांच कदम जरूरी हैं, उन्हें अंग्रेजी के स्टार्ट शब्द से याद रखा जा सकता है. जहां एस अक्षर का अर्थ है धूम्रपान छोड़ने की तारीख सेट करना, टी का मतलब है परिवार के सदस्यों, दोस्तों और लोगों को बताना या टैलिंग कि आप सिगरेट छोड़ रहे हैं. ए का अर्थ है निकोटीन छोड़ने से पैदा होने वाले मुश्किल समय को एंटीसिपेट करना यानी उसकी कल्पना करना. आर का अर्थ है घर से तंबाकू के उत्पादों को रिमूव करना यानी हटाना, और अंतिम टी का अर्थ है टेकिंग हैल्प, यानी अपने व्यवहार, परामर्श और दवाओं के लिए डॉक्टर से मदद लेना’.

ek_quitsmoking

इन्हें भी अपनाएं-
– निकोटीन की लत को छुड़ाने के लिए च्यूइंग गम, लोजेंजेस, नेजल स्प्रे या इनहेलर्स जैसे उपायों का सहारा लिया जा सकता है. इनसे तीव्र तलब को दूर करने में मदद मिल सकती है.
-ट्रिगर की स्थिति की पहचान करें, जो आपको धूम्रपान करने को उकसाती है. इनसे बचने के लिए या वैकल्पिक रूप से इस तलब को शांत करने की योजना तैयार रखिए.
-शुगरफ्री गम या हार्ड कैंडी चबाइए. या कच्चे गाजर, अजवाइन, नट्स अथवा सूरजमुखी के बीज पास रखिए. तंबाकू की तलब लगने पर इन्हें चबाएं.
– शारीरिक रूप से सक्रिय रहिए. सीढ़ियों से कुछ बार नीचे-ऊपर जाने या टहलने से धूम्रपान की तलब को कम किया जा सकता है.



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World No Tobacco Day 2018: Smoking Tobacco Directly Affects Your Heart, Warn Health Experts



World No Tobacco Day will be observed around the world on May 31. This year’s theme is ‘Tobacco and Heart Disease’- prescribed by the World Health Organisation. While the popular belief is that smoking largely affects the lungs because they get directly exposed to inhaled smoke, health experts warn that it also impacts the entire cardiovascular system.

According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), smoking tobacco is globally the second leading cause of heart diseases after high blood pressure. Nearly 12 per cent of cardiovascular deaths worldwide occur due to tobacco abuse and secondhand smoking.

In tobacco cigarette, there is combustion, a burning of an organic material that generates temperatures up to 900 degree Celsius. Chronic exposure to this tends to thicken blood vessels, making them weaker in the long run. This can lead to blood clots and ultimately result in stroke or peripheral heart diseases.

“Inhaling the smoke from tobacco builds fatty material — atheroma — in the heart of the smoker which then damages the inner lining of arteries and also narrows them further,” Tapan Ghose, Director & HOD, Cardiology at Fortis Flt. Lt. Rajan Dhall Hospital, told IANS.

“This narrowing can cause the angina, stroke or heart attack,” he added.

Further, the presence of nicotine in the cigarettes raises the blood pressure, which can have a detrimental effect on the heart’s oxygen balance.

“Nicotine causes thickening of the blood vessels, which hampers the blood flow and also causes high blood pressure or hypertension,” Mukesh Goel, Senior Consultant, Cardio Thoracic & Vascular Surgery at Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, told IANS.

Tobacco also has carbon monoxide, which blends with haemoglobin in the blood more easily than oxygen does, thus affecting the oxygen supply in the body.

The carbon monoxide prevents the blood system from effectively carrying oxygen around the body, specifically to vital organs such as the heart and brain, the experts said, adding that apart from regular smokers, those who inhale the smoke passively may also be at risk.

WHO states that of the seven million lives that tobacco claims worldwide each year, almost 900,000 are passive-smokers.

Tobacco, whether smoked, swallowed, or chewed poses multiple hazards. In addition to affecting the lungs and heart, it also increases the risk of head and neck, lung, esophageal, pancreatic, and urologic cancers.

According to a recent study published in The Journal of Physiology, smoking could directly damage the muscles by reducing the number of blood vessels in leg muscles, which in turn reduce the amount of oxygen and nutrients the muscles receive.

This may impact the metabolism and activity levels.

Moreover, smoking also affects both male and female fertility, doctors said.

“Women smoking tobacco reduce their chances of conceiving by at least 60 per cent and is also linked to ectopic pregnancy and other tubal factor infertility,” Sagarika Aggarwal, an IVF expert at Indira IVF Hospital, New Delhi, told IANS.

On the other hand, male smokers can suffer from decreased sperm quality with lower mobility and increased numbers of abnormally-shaped sperms.

Moreover, chain-smoking might also decrease the sperm’s ability to fertilise eggs.

Besides causing infertility, tobacco during pregnancy can also lead to multiple issues ranging from miscarriage to under-development of the foetus and making the child susceptible to various forms of disorder such as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Goel noted.

Quitting is the best way, the experts said while discouraging the use of alternatives like e-cigarettes.

“While it is true that e-cigarettes have less quantity of tobacco as compared to regular cigarettes, bidis or hookah, but they also expose lungs, heart and other organs to very high levels of toxic substances,” Goel said.

Other measures like clinical interventions, counselling and behavioural therapies can help people quit tobacco abuse.

“Nicotine replacement therapy, including nicotine patches, gum, lozenges, inhalers etc, has been found to be effective. Combination therapy with drugs like bupropion has been found to be more effective than nicotine replacement alone,” said Viveka Kumar, Senior Director, Max Heart & Vascular Institute, Saket.

Kumar also emphasised on the role of mass media in spreading awareness about the harmful effects of tobacco, while curbing the easy access to tobacco, especially among the younger vulnerable population.

“Availability and accessibility of smoking cessation programmes to smokers who want to stop smoking remain an area which needs to be addressed,” Kumar said.



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